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  • Writing Guidelines for Authors
  • 「Journal of Youth Welfare」 Manuscript Instructions
    Article 1 (Sentence Expression) All sentences in the body shall be written in Korean or English in principle. However, if there is a possibility of bias meaning, the corresponding word or sentence can be followed by a parentheses( ) with Chinese, English, or other source language. When using parentheses, there shall be no space after the corresponding word.

    Article 2 (Abstract) A manuscript shall be attached with Korean and English abstracts. The Korean abstract shall be attached in back of the manuscript and the English abstract shall be attached in the front of the manuscript, and the length shall be within 1000 words(within 200 words for English abstract) in principle. Keywords shall be less than 5 words.

    Article 3 (Content Order) The order of the manuscript shall be divided into English title, English abstract, body, bibliography, Korean title, Korean abstract, etc. The manuscript shall have the name, affiliation, etc., of the author, and the name, affiliation, job position, email address, etc., of the corresponding author shall be included by adding a footnote.

    Article 4 (Number) The numbers of the title shall be as follows.
    Stage 1: Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ… Size 12, Bold
    Stage 2: 1, 2, 3… Size 10
    Stage 3: 1), 2), 3)… Size 10, Bold
    Stage 4: ⑴, ⑵, ⑶… Size 10
    Stage 5: ①, ②, ③…Size 10

    Article 5 (Footnote) Footnotes shall not be used in principle. However, if it must be used, the footnote number shall be tagged to the corresponding sentence and the content shall be written at the bottom of the same page.

    Article 6 (Tables and Figures)
    ① The title of a table shall be written at the top of the table with left justification and serial number as shown
        in <Table 1>. However, when using within the body, expressions such as “according to Table 1,”
        “as shown in Table 1...,” etc., shall be used.
    ② The title of a figure shall be written at the bottom of the figure with center justification and serial number as
        shown in <Figure 1>. However, when using within the body, expressions such as “according to Figure 1,”
        “as shown in Figure 1...,” etc., shall be used.
    ③ When using a table, the top and bottom lines of the table shall be bold lines and there shall be no lines
        for the left, right, inside of the table.
    ④ When adding statistical results, statistics(ex: t, F, M, SD, N, n) shall be all in italics, and the significance level
        p shall be written at the bottom left of the table as * for 5%, ** for 1%, etc. However, * shall be written as
        a superscript. In addition, Greek letters shall not be written in italics.

    Creativity Level of self-concept N M SD t
    Fluency Low self-concept
    High self-concept
    Flexibility Low self-concept
    High self-concept
       *p<.05, **p<.01

    Article 7 (Quotation)
    ① For quotation in a manuscript, the name of the author and publication year shall be written,
        and for quotation in a book, the name of the author, publication year, and quoted pages shall be written.
        When quoting the same writing repetitively, the same method shall be used.
    ② When the name of the author is mentioned in the body, the subsequent parentheses shall include only
        the publication year, and when the name is not mentioned in the body, the subsequent parentheses
        shall include both the name and publication year.
        (ex) Hartman(1980, p. 23)..... / .....(Hartman, 1980, p. 23)
    ③ When there are two authors, the names of both of the authors shall be written.
        (ex) Burr & Miller (1980)..... / .....(Burr & Miller, 1980)
    ④ When there are more than 3 and less than 5 authors, the first quotation shall have all the names of the
        authors, and the subsequent quotations shall include the name of lead author followed by “et al.”
        (ex) [the first quotation] Burr, Chris & Miller(1980)....., / .....(Burr, Chris & Miller, 1980)
              [the subsequent quotation] Burr et al.(1980)..... / .....(Burr et al, 1980)
    ⑤ When there are more than 6 authors, the name of the lead author followed by “et al.” shall be written.
        (ex) Scott et al.(1999)..... / .....(Scott et al., 1999)
              .....(홍길동 외, 1997), .....(Scott et al., 1999)
    ⑥ When quoting writings that are scheduled for publication, “scheduled for publication” shall be written, and
        for unpublished works, “unpublished” shall be written.
        (ex) (Scott, 2006, scheduled for publication), (Scott, 2007, unpublished)
    ⑦ When quoting more than two different writings, the authors shall be written in alphabetical order of the
        lead author, and the names shall be separated with semicolons.
        (ex) (Burr & Miller, 1980; Nye, 1978, 1981; Spanier, 1980)

    Article 8 (Bibliography)
    ① The list of bibliography shall be restricted to quotation or mentioning in the body.
    ② The bibliography shall be written in the order of Korean, Eastern, and Western documents. Here, the
        authors of the documents shall be in alphabetical order. However, author names in Chinese or Japanese
        shall include English or Korean notation in parentheses.
    ③ When the bibliography is more than two lines, the second line shall have indentation of 6 spaces.

    (1) Book, booklet, or book chapter
    • One author
      Lindon, J. (2003). Child care and early education: Good practice to support young children and their families.
      London: Thomsom.
    • Two authors
      Meggitt, C., & Walker, J. (2004).An introduction to child care and education.London: Hoddler& Stoughton.
    • Three of more authors
      Hoorn, J. V., Nourot, P. M., Scales, B., &Alward, K. R. (2007).Play at the center of the curriculum.Upper Saddle
      NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
    • Revised edition
      《2nd edition》
      Stanway, P. (2000). New guide to pregnancy and child care(2nd ed.).London: Fireside.
      《3rd or more times of edition》
      Chaillé, C., & Britain, L. (2003).The young child as scientist: A constructivist approach to early childhood science
    (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
    • If the publisher is the author
      American Psychiatric Association.(2000). Manual of nursing home practice for psychiatrists.Washington,DC:
    • If there’s an editor for the book
      Greenberg, M. T., Cicchetti, D., & Cummings, E. M. (Eds.). (2007). Attachment in the preschool years: Theory,
      research, and
    Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    • English book
      Ainsworth, M. D. (1990). Some considerations regarding theory and assessment relevant to attachments beyond
      infancy. In M. T.
      Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research, and

    (2) Periodicals
    • Journal articles
      《One author》
      Ritile-Johnson, B. (2006). Promoting transfer: Effects of self-explanation and direct instruction.Child Development, 77(1), 1-15.
      《Two authors》
      Miles, S. B., & Stipek, D. (2006).Contemporaneous and longitudinal associations between social behavior and
      literacy achievement in a sample of low-income elementary school children.Child Development, 77(1), 103-117.
      《Three or more authors》
      Jordan, N. C., Kaplan, D. L., Oláh, L. N., &Locuniak, M. L. (2006). Number sense growth in kindergarten: A
      longitudinal investigation of children at risk for mathematics difficulties. Child Development, 77(1), 153-175.
      《If the article is scheduled to be published》
      Bub, D. N., Masson, M., & Lalonde, C. E. (in press). Cognitive control in children: Storp interference and
      suppression of word reading. Psychological Science.
    • Magazine
      Hinshaw, C. (2007, April). Fish stories.SchoolArts, 106(8), 41-42.
    • Newsletter
      McCabe, M. (2007. 7). New congress look to inform legislative agenda for children and families. Newsletter of
      the Society for Research in Child Development,
    50(3), pp. 2, 7.
    • Daily newspaper
      《If published on a page》
      Park, H. K. (2007, August 8). Digital media leads young minds to world of economics. The Korea Times, p. 12.
      《If published on separated pages》
      Han, J. (2007, July 2). Unemployment redefines college senior. The Korea Times, A1, A11.

    (3) Doctor’s or Master’s thesis
      Mullins, D. (2004). A comparison of false belief and referential opacity tasks: Sorting out the
    Unpublished master's thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

    (4) Professional or research report
    • Government department or research instituted under the government
      U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Child maltreatment2000. Washington, DC: Government
      Printing Office. • ERIC data
      Doherty, G., Lero, D. S., Goleman, H., Lagrange, A., &Tougas, J. (2000).You bet I care! A Canada-Wide and
      Practices in child care centers.
    Guelph, Ontario: Center for Families, Work and Well-Being, Department of
      Nutrition, University of Guelph (ERIC Document Reproduction Services No. ED 453903).

    (5) Presentations at academic conference, seminar, symposium or workshop
    • Regular academic presentation source book
      《Keynote or subject speech》
      Greenfield, P. (2007). The child development transition: Dynamic of social, cultural and familial change
      [Abstract]. Proceedings of the Society for Research in Child Development,USA, 168.
      《Presentation title listed on the source book》
    • Oral presentation at academic conference
      Angelillo, C., & Rogoff, B. (2005, September).Coordination among European American and Mexican-descent
      Siblings engaging With a science exhibit.
    Paper Presented at meetings of the International Society for Culture
      and Activity Research, Sevilla, Andalucia, Spain.
    • Poster presentation at academic conference
      Sandstrom, M. J. (2007, March). Maternal discipline strategies and relational aggression in childhood.Poster
      session Presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Boston, MA.

    (6) Online data
    • Electronic journal
      Miles, S. B., & Stipek, D. (2006). Contemporaneous and longitudinal associations between social behavior and literacy school
    children [Electronic version]. Child Development, 77(1), 103-117.
    • News article or electronic form available through search
      Tanner, L. (2005, July 26). Pesticides may be sickening school kids. The Washington Post.Retrieved July 27, 2005,
      from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/artcle/ 2005/07/26/AR200507260127.html

    Article 9 (Paper Setting, etc.)
    ① The paper setting for submission manuscripts shall be in the following format.
    Paper type Paper orientation Margin
    Narrow Top Bottom Left Right Preface Footer Bookbinding
    37 38 35 35 13 12 0

    ② Font and paragraph style shall be as follows.
        Font style: Font: AmeriGarmnd BT, Width: 100, Size: 10, Spacing: -6
        Paragraph style: Line Spacing: 170, Justification: justified, Indentation: 10, All others: 0