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  • Ethical Guidelines for Authors
  • Chapter 1. General Provisions

    Article 1. Title
    This regulation shall be called "Code of Research Ethics" for the academic journal of 'Research on Youth Welfare' published by the Korean Association of Youth Welfare.

    Article 2. Purpose
    The purpose of this code of ethics is to establish a set of research ethics regarding papers submitted to the academic journal named 'Research on Youth Welfare', and to set out principles and procedures for the verification of research ethics.

    Article 3. Scope of Application
    This code of research ethics applies to all papers submitted to the academic journal named 'Research on Youth Welfare' published by the Korean Association of Youth Welfare.

    Article 4. Violation of Code of Research Ethics
    The violation of the code of research ethics is an act of violating ethical principles and veracity of research. Specifically, it refers to any serious non-compliance instance of the ethical guidelines for research provided by the Korean Association of Youth Welfare.

    Article 5. Deliberation
    The Research Ethics Committee of the Korean Association of Youth Welfare deliberates the code of research ethics.

    Chapter 2. Establishment and Operation of Research Ethics Committee

    Article 6. Roles of Research Ethics Committee
    The Research Ethics Committee shall review and approve matters related to the ethics in research conducted by a member of the Korean Association of Youth Welfare, such as follow;

    1. Establishment of Research Ethics
    2. Prevention and Investigation of Misconduct in Research
    3. Informant Protection and Secrecy
    4. Verification and Processing of Research Ethics Violation and Follow-up Actions
    5. Restoration of Examinee's Reputation
    6. Other Suggestions from Chairman

    Article 7. Organization
    ① The committee members shall be at least 7 in number including Editor-in-Chief.
    ② The chairman shall represent the committee and be appointed by the president of the Korean Association of Youth Welfare. The term of the chairman shall be the same as a member of the committee.
    ③ The committee may appoint a member as an assistant administrator who is assigned to deal with affairs. The assistant administrator shall be appointed by the chairman.
    ④ The chairman may appoint additional expert advisors with the advice and consent of the committee.


    Article 8. Meeting
    ① The chairman shall summon a meeting of the committee if he considers it necessary, and become a chairperson of the meeting.
    ② All matters shall be decided by a majority vote of those present, with a majority present unless stated otherwise. Members participating by delegation shall be counted as present, but all the votes of the delegation shall be invalid.
    ③ The committee may request the attendance of a person related to the matter in discussion to consult his statement.
    ④ Committee meetings shall be held in private in principle.
    ⑤ A committee member whose research is under investigation shall not be authorized to attend the relevant committee meeting.

    Article 9. Rights and Responsibilities
    ① The committee may request not only the attendance of the informant, examinee, witness or testifier at the committee meeting but the submission of materials related to the on-going investigation.
    ② In case the examinee refuses to attend the committee meeting or submit materials requested from the committee without any vaild reason, the committee may assume that he or she pleads guilty
    ③ The committee may take necessary action in order to prevent research records or evidence from disappearing, destruction, concealment or falsification.
    ④ A member of the committee shall respect the confidentiality of information related to deliberation.

    Chapter 3. Code of Research Ethics

    Article 10. Academic Freedom and Social Responsibility
    A researcher shall have the basic rights of academic freedom and take the social responsibilities and obligations. A researcher is obligated;
    1. To acknowledge other researchers' academic achievements without any prejudice regardless of their thoughts, religion, age, sex, social status or culture
    2. To be open to the criticism against his own research and to be skeptical of his knowledge
    3. To take an attitude in which he is willing to admit his error in his research in case he faces a persuasive evidence against his academic insistence
    4. To review new research subjects, thought systems and academic approaches without prejudice

    Article 11. Approval from Institution
    In case an approval from an institution is required during the research, the researcher shall achieve approval from the institution before the beginning of the research project by submitting accurate information on his research to the institution. Also, the research project shall be conducted as described in the research plan.

    Article 12. Responsibility towards Research Participants
    The researcher shall take the responsibilities towards the research participants, as follows;
    1. To respect participants' right to be protected from insult and privacy invasion as well as their right of self-decision
    2. To prepare measures for ensuring participants' safety and welfare as well as measures to protect them from exposing to risks
    3. To avoid any physical or psychological damages to the participants as well as to suspend all the research procedures immediately in case the participants show any symptom of unexpected side-effects or pain

    Article 13. Agreement for Research Participation
    ① The decision for the participation in a research shall be made by the participant's free will. So the researcher shall receive agreement for the participation of the participant in the research. The researcher shall provide information about the research to the participant in advance, and shall give him a chance to ask questions and be answered (If the participant is underage, an agreement from his parents, legal guardian or legal representative is required). The information to be provided includes;
    1. The purpose of research, estimated period and procedures of research
    2. Rights to participate in or walk out on research whenever he wants
    3. Expected consequences when refusing to participate or aborting the research
    4. Potential risks, pain or hazardous side-effects anticipated to influence voluntary participation
    5. Expected benefits from the participation in the research
    6. Limit of confidentiality
    7. Rewards for participation
    ② A researcher who conducts intervention research that contains experimental treatments shall clearly inform research participants of the following;
    1. The nature of experimental treatments
    2. Services available or unavailable to the control group
    3. Methods assigned to the treatment group or control group
    4. Available alternative measures in case a participant wants to cancel participation in the research or abort his participation during the research
    5. Rewards or monetary consideration for research participation

    Article 14. Video & Audio Recording Permission Agreement
    The researcher shall receive a permission agreement in advance from the participants for video or audio recording of them if the audio or video recording of them is required for the purpose of data collection. However, the cases below do not require advance permission;
    1. The research is conducted by naturally observing people in public places, or the recording data is not expected to be used for privacy invasion.
    2. The research plan includes playacting so that recording permission can be obtained after the recording is over.

    Article 15. Dependent Participants such as Clients or Patients
    ① In case the researcher conducts research on participants who show the tendency of dependence on the researcher himself, such as clients or patients, the researcher shall prepare measures to protect the dependent participants from harmful consequences they may suffer when they refuse to participate in the research or abort their participation.
    ② In case the participation in the research is mandatory for a student or gives the student a chance to receive extra credit, the researcher shall give him another alternative option to choose so as to let the student decide by his own will whether to participate in the research.

    Article 16. Exemption from Receiving Participants' Agreement
    The researcher may not be required to obtain research participants' agreement in the following cases;
    1. The research is considered not to give any pain or harm to the participants.
    (1) Teacher practice or curriculum conducted in the practical field of education, or research on methodology of school class management
    (2) Anonymous survey research, natural observation research or data collection research in which the exposure of the research participants' responses not only doesn't lead them to any penal or civil risks but also doesn't cause any damages to their financial status, employability or reputation, as well as the participants' privacy is guaranteed
    (3) Research on factors related to jobs conducted in an organization field or related to organization efficiency, which doesn't cause any damages to the participants' employability as well as any privacy invasion
    2. The research is covered by the national laws or institution's regulations.

    Article 17. Rewards for Research Participation
    The researcher may not be required to obtain research participants' agreement in the following cases;
    ① The researcher shall provide adequate rewards to research participants. However, the researcher shall not provide participants inadequate amount of monetary compensation or other rewards that may force them to participate in the research.
    ② When providing professional service to participants as the rewards for participation in the research, the researcher shall clearly inform them of not only the nature of the service to be provided but risks, obligation and limit as well.

    Article 18 Playacting in Research
    ① The researcher shall not use the playacting method for his research unless the scientific, educational or applicable value of the research results secure justification for the use of playacting method, and no other alternative research methods are considered as effective as the playacting method.
    ② The researcher shall inform the research participants of the potential risks that participation in the research may cause physical damages or psychological pain, and shall not deceive participants.
    ③ The researcher shall let the participants know about the playacting included in the research as soon as possible, if possible, right after the research participation is over, or at least before the collection of research data is completed, so as to give them a chance to retract their participation in the research.

    Article 19. Ex-post Facto Report
    ① The researcher shall provide research participants a chance to receive information of the nature of research, research results and conclusion unless the provision of those information damages the scientific value of the research and the participants' human value.
    ② In case the researcher finds the research procedures have given damages to research participants, the researcher shall take necessary action immediately so as to minimize the damages. If the same research procedure is scheduled to be conducted in other upcoming research, the researcher shall change or modify the research plan.

    Article 20. Report of Research Results
    ① The researcher shall not falsify his research results by making up data that doesn't exist or modifying or deleting the existing data.
    ② When reporting research results, the researcher shall anonymize research participants in his research report if each individual name of the participants can be separately identified in the report.
    ③ The researcher shall fully understand the implication of the research results in social, political and human aspects, and shall pay careful attention when revealing the research results to the public. However, this principle does not limit the researcher's right to follow the standards for reporting scientific research.

    Article 21. Plagiarism
    ① The researcher shall develop his own originality and creativity for his research. Otherwise, his research work is regarded as plagiarism.
    ② Plagiarism refers to the practice of using or copying someone else's idea, work or research results without achieving proper approval or citation. The researcher must cite the source and the author of work if he uses other person's idea, research device and even a single sentence. Otherwise, it is considered as plagiarism. The researcher shall also cite the source for his previous publications.
    ③ The range of plagiarism shall be defined as follows;
    1. In case over half of the paper contents is identical to other's work, it shall be considered as plagiarism. In other words, if the research subject and the research object are identical to each other in two respective papers, it shall be considered as plagiarism even if the author of both papers is the same person.
    2. Even though the same data analysis is used in two respective papers, it shall be not considered as plagiarism if the research subject and the research results differ from each other. However, the researcher must inform in advance that he has used the same data that was put in his previous publication.

    Article 22 Publication Career
    ① The researcher shall take the responsibility as the author only for the research that he has actually conducted or contributed. The research project for which the researcher takes responsibility shall be counted in his research career.
    ② The author listing order in the paper or other publication shall reflect accurately each researcher's level of contribution to the research regardless the relative status in social or academic rank of researchers. Becoming the first author of a paper simply thanks to a high position in his job doesn't justify anything. Appreciation to the researcher who has made a relatively small contribution to the research or publication shall be expressed in the footnote, preface or appreciative words.
    ③ Excluding exceptional situations, if a collaborative paper is written based on a master's thesis or a doctoral dissertation, the writer of the master's thesis or doctoral dissertation shall be the first author of the collaborative paper.

    Article 23. Double Publication of Research Data
    Regardless of domestic or overseas publication, the researcher shall not publish or attempt to publish research data that has been previously published, as if it hasn't been published before. In case the researcher intends to make a publication using data that has already been published to the public, he shall provide information of the previously published data to the editor of the journal before his publication so as to check whether such case can be considered as double publication.

    Article 24. Research Data Sharing for Verification of Research Results
    ① The researcher shall accept the other researcher's request for sharing research data for the purpose of verification of the publicly released research results, unless such research data sharing causes privacy invasion of research participants as well as the legal ownership of the data prohibits from sharing.
    ② The other researcher who receives research data from the original researcher is authorized to use the data only for the purpose of verification of the released research results. If he intends to use the provided data for other purposes, he is required to obtain a prior approval in written form from the original researcher.

    Articel 25. Assessment
    The researcher who assesses other's research papers, scripts for academic conference presentations or research plans shall respect the confidentiality of information about researchers and research contents as well as respect their copyrights.

    Chapter 4. Verification of Research Ethics Violations

    Article 26. Position in Charge of Verification of Research Ethics Violation
    ① The editorial committee shall take the role of primarily checking submitted research papers whether their assessment and publication procedures are carried out in accordance with the ethical guidelines.
    ② In case an ethical assessment on a submitted paper is required, the editorial committee shall request deliberation on the paper from the research ethics committee.
    ③ In case any misconduct or deficiency concerning veracity or ethics is found through the research procedures, the committee shall inform the author of the paper as well as the institution to which the author belongs.

    Article 27. Principles of Research Ethics Verification
    ① The burden of proof for whether the researcher violates the code of research ethics shall lie upon the research ethics committee.
    ② The research ethics committee shall provide both the assessment requestor and assessee equally the rights and opportunities to state their opinion, raise objections and depend themselves. Also the research ethics committee shall inform them of the related procedures in advance.
    ③ The academic institution shall strive to let its research ethics committee maintain independence and fairness without being affected by unfair outside influences.

    Articlel 28. Procedures of Research Ethics Verification
    ① The verification on the research paper that has been published in the institution's academic journal or the research paper in which research ethical misconduct is found during the assessment shall be conducted by the research ethical committee.
    ② The research ethics committee may discuss and decide verification procedures before they implement the verification on submitted suspicious research papers, such as whether to conduct verification by themselves or invite outside committee members and organize a verification committee.
    ③ The research ethics committee shall put every verification procedure on record by documentation. The verification determination shall be preserved in written form with all the research ethics committee members' signatures on it.

    Article 29. Receiving Information of Misconduct
    ① The informant may give information of misconduct to the secretariat of the Korean Association of Youth Welfare or the secretariat of the editorial committee in a form of documentation such as by letter or via e-mail, and shall be under his real name. However, even if the informant remains anonymous, his information can be counted as valid in case he provides information in written form or via e-mail containing the title of suspicious research paper(or the title of research project) and detailed description of misconduct with valid evidence.

    Article 30. Request for Attendance and Submission of Materials
    ① The committee may request attendance to the committee meeting from the informant, examinee, witness and testifier for their verbal statement. In this case, the examinee must accept the committee's request.
    ② The committee may request submission of materials from the examinee, and may seize and keep the suspicious examinee's research materials for the purpose of evidence preservation after receiving approval from the chief of research institution.

    Article 31. Protection of Informant and Examinee's Rights and Confidentiality
    ① In any case, the informant's identity must not be exposed either in direct or indirect way. Also the examinee's reputation or rights shall not be invaded until the verification on his misconduct is completed.
    ② All matters and information related to the verification shall be confidential, and any person directly or indirectly participating in the verification shall respect the confidentiality of information achieved during his duties. However, in case any suitable reason to disclose information exists, the information may be disclosed to the public after achieving approval from the committee.

    Article 32. Evasion, Rejection, Avoidance
    ① In case a specific committee member is not expected to show fairness due to unavoidable reasons, the informant or examinee may request evading the committee member in the verification session after stating suitable reasons. If the request is accepted, the committee member related to the evasion request shall be excluded from the verification.
    ② A committee member who has a personal stake in the verification shall not be authorized to participate in the assessment, investigation and determination of the case.

    Article 33. Guarantee of Opportunities for Objection and Defense
    The committee provide the examinee who is accused of misconduct in research ethics enough opportunities to raise his objection and defend himself.

    Article 34. Judgement
    ① The committee shall settle their verification and post-procedures based on the objection and dense from the examinee.
    ② The judgement on misconduct in research shall be determined by two-thirds vote of members present with a majority members present

    Article 35 (Follow-up Measures on the Results of Research Ethics Verification)
    ① The Research Ethics Committee shall report the review results on the violation of research ethics to the subject of examination and the corresponding research institution.
    ② When it is deemed that there are rationality and adequacy issues concerning the contents and results of the review, additional investigation or relevant materials can be requested.
    ③ The Research Ethics Committee shall impose the following sanctions on the author and paper that have been confirmed to be in violation of research ethics according to the severity of the offense.
    1. Deletion of the corresponding paper from the list of the journal
    2. Prohibition of future paper submission by the submitter(a minimum of 3 years)
    3. Notification on the homepage of this association
    4. Notification of plagiarism to the affiliate institution of the research ethics violator
    5. Report of details on the corresponding contents to the National Research Foundation of Korea
    6. Report of details to the corresponding research supporting institution if it is a paper that has been written with the aid of research expenses

    Article 36. Education on Research Ethics
    This academic association may provide registered members the education on research ethics standards that researchers should obey in the process of research activities, the range of misconduct, countermeasures to research misconduct, procedures of misconduct verification and others.

    Supplementary Provision

    This Code of Research Ethics takes effect on Nov. 11, 2016.